Furniture Care


Furniture Care

Furniture is a treasured investment, one which you should be proud to own in years to come. The following are guidelines for caring for your fine Veneza furniture.

Common Sense:
The first category, common sense, is just what the name implies: don't do anything that will cause the furniture to be damaged. For example, be very careful when vacuuming the carpets not to hit the furniture bases or table legs. Don't set abrasive items such as cardboard boxes, grocery bags, ceramic lamps, ashtrays, etc. on a finished surface. Be careful when an item such as a plate is lifted from the table. A fork falling from a plate can seriously dent the table top. Hot items, such as a dish just removed from the oven, can blister or darken the finish. Use a hotpad or a table pad under the tablecloth to prevent this. Don't wait to wipe up spills or to clean up after a party.

Correct Environmental Conditions:
Second, correct environmental conditions will add longevity to the life of fine furniture. When wood furniture is placed in a damp environment, the various parts will swell slightly; conversely, when placed in a dry environment, the parts will shrink. Obviously then, very damp or very dry environments should be avoided. Cyclic changes in temperature, such as those found in an unheated warehouse (cool at night, warmer during the day) can cause small cracks to occur in the finish. Hot blasts of air, such as those from a central heating, should be avoided, because they cause extreme localized drying of the wood.

Direct sunlight has a bleaching effect on wood and finishes, so it should be avoided either by placement of the furniture, or by the use of sunscreens, drapes, or blinds.

Keeping it Clean with the Proper Techniques:
At Veneza, a very high quality lacquer is used on our furniture. It resists most household liquids, yellowing or cracking, and does an excellent job of protecting the wood. If nothing is done to it (except dusting) the finish will, over a period of time, become dull looking. This is caused by minute scratches made by dirt particles and deposits which result from cooking fumes, fingerprints, etc. A solution of mild soap or oil soaps for wood and water may be used to wash your furniture. However, don't allow the solution to "puddle" on the surfaces. An easier method to clean and maintain furniture is to use furniture care products (polish) available from your Veneza dealer. These products contain cleaners to remove most household soils, plus they deposit a wax finish on the surface which produces a pleasing shine. The best cloth to use to clean and polish furniture is soft cotton (or cotton blend) that has been washed several times to remove the lint.

Leather Care

 

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Leather

  • Leather Types and How to Tell Which is Which

  • How is Commercial Leather Made

  • How to Tell Quality Leather

  • Differences in Leather Finishes

  • Caring for Leather

 Leather types and how to determine which is which 

 Analine , Nubuck , Protected

*ANALINE: Also called NATURAL, PURE, NAKED, or UNPROTECTED.

These leathers are colored with transparent dye stuff. This means that you are able to see the actual surface grain and markings. It is as if you are looking through a colored lens. These leathers have very little or no protective treatments applied to them. The most common thing to do is to spray a wax finish on the surface that gives short term water repellance. The actual way that the leather is made varies from tannery to tannery. Analine leathers can be broken down into two types:

Semi-aniline leathers are top dyed and protected with "polyurethane like" substance. They are desired because of easy clean up and this leather has a little more sun protection. Semi-analine leathers are sometimes "corrected" prior to the dying process. Texture is sometimes embossed, scratches or holes are filled. Semi-analine leathers can be rough or smooth but generally feel cooler in the winter and warmer in the summer due to their "sealed" characteristic. These leathers are the least expensive.

Full-analine leathers are considered "naked" leathers as they are not protected and they will patina (slight hue that gives character) with age giving you a bomber jacket or saddle-like characteristic. These leathers are buttery soft and are mostly desired because of their true natural look and their temperature changing abilities. Because they are not top-sealed, they are porous and they take on a warm feeling in the summer. These leathers are premium hides with no corrections. These leathers are the most expensive.

Ways to identify analine: For care and maintenance purposes we need to know if the surface has been brushed (has a texture like velvet) or not. This is the point at which people have difficulty distinguishing nubuck from analine. There are several ways you can identify an analine leather: 1. Lightly scratch the surface to see if it leaves a lighter color scratch mark. If it scratches to a lighter color, it could be analine. This is not the only test to do because some nubucks will do this also. 2. Wet your finger and lightly rub it into the leather to see if it darkens. It should darken lightly, but dry invisibly.

*PROTECTED: Also called FINSHED, SEMI-ANALINE, EVERYDAY, PIGMENTED, or PAINTED.

These leathers have combined the best aspects of a natural product (leather) and have utilized tannery technology to create a product that is more uniform in apperance and color (due to the application of pigments to the surface). It then has a finish applied to the surface that makes the leather more resistant to the effects of heavy use. The pigments and finish applied to the leather do affect the softness somewhat. The more that is needed to be applied the less soft the leather is. Protected leathers are the most common leathers, and for most consumers, the most practical.

Ways to identify protected leather: 1. Lightly scratch the surface to see if it leaves a lighter color scratch mark. If it does not scratch to a lighter color (this means the color remains the same), then this is a protected leather. 2. The surface should have some sort of sheen to it. It is like looking at wood that has a lacquer finish compared to a wipe-on oil treatment.

*NUBUCK: Also called DISTRESSED, BOMBER or SUEDE (a misnomer).

These are actual analine leathers on which the surface has been brushed, and have created a texture similar to a velvet on leather. Many people confuse these with suede leather. Suede is the flesh side of a piece of leather while nubuck is an effect that is done to the grain side, making it incredibly soft. The brushing also makes the leather even more absorbent than analine leathers.

Ways to identify nubuck: 1. The surface should have a texture similar to velvet. You move your hand across the surface and, if it leaves shading traces similar to the effect when you vacuum a carpet in one direction and then in another, it is nubuck. 2. Wet your finger and rub it lightly on the surface. The surface will darken and also will dry to a slightly darker shade. 3. For waxed surfaces, rub an area of the leather with a sponge several times. This will remove the wax and let you see if the leather meets 1 or 2 above. Nubuck leathers can reflect the natural leather grain or have an endless variety of embossed patterns applied to them, and color vividly. This is why this type of leather is also very popular for the fashion industry.

How Is Commercial Leather Made? 

       Most commercial leather is made from cattle hides due to cattles size and abundance in the world.  The quality of that leather depends on many factors.  Remember that leather, like wood, comes from a living organism, and thus exhibits a unique grain pattern.  One of the best signs of a lower quality leather is the regularity of grain pattern, indicating machine or other man-made technique-induced grain pattern.

Through a process called "liming,"  the raw leather is swelled to be later split into layers.  The leather is composed of two layers, the grain side, which had the oil glands and hair of the animal, and the flesh side, which is softer and less durable than the grain side.  The grain layer is the cream of the crop.  The highest quality leathers come from it.  Through the processes of curing, tanning, coloring, fat-liquoring, drying and finishing, leather is prepared for commercial use.  The tanning process, the most widely known aspect of leather preparation, involves adding tannic acids from plants or man-made chemicals to the leather to prevent it from decomposing and add suppleness and toughness.  After this, the leathers are split into up to 4 layers.  The top (grain layer) is the best quality leather, the second (deep buff layer) is suede, or re-tanned for inexepensive leather, the third (slab layer) is also used for inexpensive upholstered leather, the forth (split layer) is used for things like chamois clothes in the auto industry.

      Durability, permeability to water to allow it to "breathe," tensile strength, and aesthetics are a few of the characteristics of top-grain leather.  Only 10-15% of cattle hides are suitable enough to be considered top-grain quality.  Characteristics of the animal, as well as how well performed the above preparing procedures were done determine this status.  *

How To Tell Quality Leather 

      An expensive leather does NOT necessarily mean a high quality leather.  There are man-made techniques employed to give the appearance of grain leather, when in fact it comes from the flesh layers.  On lower quality leathers, the grain patern can be embossed into it.  Another technique used to artificially add grain pattern is done by rolling the grain onto itself.  Real top grain leather is best characterized by its asymetrical patterns, like the natural markings of the neck and shoulders or barb-wire marks.  These, although some may find unattractive, are signs of true top-grain leather.   Other signs of lesser quality leathers are dye spray lines, which indicates a low quality pigment dye was used, roughness to the surface indicating dirt and dust were mistakenly introduced while drying, and splits or cracks in the material for obvious reasons.

      You can check the quality of the leather by using a magnifying glass to examine it.  Many hills and cliffs are an indicator of embossing.  Many small holes are an indicator of high grade leather.  Synthetic leathers, although can be strikingly similar to the real deal, have fabric backing, but most of these unfortunately do not share real leather's tensile strength.  Some people are even able to smell the difference in leather quality.  *

Differences in Leather Finishes 

  • Polishes - Used for shoes and boots.  Have waterproofing properties.

  • CleanersSaddle Soap, Conditioners - for leather that is used a lot or takes abuse such as baseball mits, other sports balls, horse saddles.

  • Cleaners and Conditioners - For furniture and clothing.

Remember that suede is NOT leather and has different care procedures and products.  *

Caring For Leather 

     Leather needs to be cleaned and maintained on a regular basis.  The most common problem is the drying out of it's oils and water.  The primary culprit is the sun.  Also, heat and AC ducts can cause this as well.  Thus it is recommended to try to keep leather furniture away from these elements.

     Leather needs to be cleaned to prevent airborn dust and particles from building up on the surface.  Once they build up they tend to clog its pores, and as the leather is flexed, they travel down into its fibers.  These contaminants need to be removed before conditioners are added.  Good leather cleaners are designed to pull out grime from deep within the fibers, as well as removed surface dirt.

     When a spill occurs, blot up immediately but do not rub or wipe, this can make the problem worse.  For fat based spills, like butter, oil and grease, blot up as much as possible, you can also try corn starch or baking soda to take up more.  Then, let the remaining material soak into the leather for at least 24 hours.  Don't attempt to clean until that time has expired.  You may have to clean several times to get remove all the material.  The surface may appear dull and dry after these clean-ups.  Follow all of this with conditioning.  *

We sell a wide variety of leather products, with different hides, grains and texture. For care and maintenance tips, check which kind of leather upholstery you have and follow the tips below:

Pure Aniline Dye Leather Care
Aniline dye leather has varied shades for a natural look. They are soft and natural feeling, and show all bites, scars and grain variations.

Care and Maintenance:
- Routinely wipe with a damp sponge or vacuum with a soft brush attachment.
- Keep out of any direct sunlight as pure aniline dye leather is susceptible to sun fade.
- Keep at a minimum of 12" away from direct heat sources.
- Blot liquid spills with a clean, dry cloth.
- Food spills should be removed with a damp cloth or sponge.
- Periodically use Leather Master soft cleaner followed by Leather Master protection cream (3-4 times per year).
- Revitalize with Leather Vital from Leather Master 1-2 times per year. Moderate Cleanability.

Protected Leather (Semi-Aniline) Care
Protected leathers have a consistent color and show some natural characteristics, such as scars and grain variations. They are available in a wide variety of colors and the repellent lacquer coating can be cleaned easily.

Care and Maintenance:
- Routinely wipe with a damp sponge and/or dust with a clean cloth.
- Keep the leather upholstery at least 12" away from direct heat sources to avoid cracking and peeling.
- Blot liquid spills with a clean, dry cloth.
- Remove sticky food residue with a damp sponge.
- Periodically use Leather Master soft cleaner followed by Leather Master protection cream (3-4 times per year).
- This type of leather has some fade resistance. However, it is vulnerable to cracking and peeling from ultraviolet rays.

Nubuck Leather Care
Nubuck leathers often have shade variations due to the aniline dyes. The buffed grain feels like fabric. These leathers show natural characteristics, such as scars, bites and grain variations. It is difficult to clean oil-based stains.

Care and Maintenance
- Vacuum weekly to remove airborne particles.
- Avoid direct sunlight, as this leather has no fade resistance.
- Keep 12" away from direct heat sources.
- Use Leather Master nubuck cloth routinely, or depending on use. The nubuck cloth will remove any soil and keep up the nap or sueded effect.
- Periodically use Leather Master nubuck spray to help repel liquids.
- Blot excess liquids with a dry cloth. Wash areas with Leather Master nubuck or soft cleaner.
- Let area air dry or blow dry with medium heat from a hair dryer. Brush with nubuck cloth.
- If oil absorbs into the leather, apply cornstarch by rubbing it in with a finger. Let it sit for 4-6 hours. Vacuum excess powder, then wash with nubuck cleaner. Dry and brush.
The Nubuck cloth will remove any soil in turn with keeping up with the nap or sueded effect.

Wax Oil/Pull-up Leather Care
These leathers are top-coated with wax. The shade varies for a rich, warm look, beautifying with age. Scars and marks can show dramatically, and crackle or distressed looks can occur with use. Each piece takes on its own characteristics.

Care and Maintenance
- Routinely wash with a damp sponge or cloth.
- Avoid direct sunlight. Pure anilines with wax topcoats are susceptible to sun fade.
- Keep at least 12" from direct heat sources.
- Periodically clean with Leather Master soft cleaner followed by Leather Master protection cream (3 - 4 times per year).
- Most minor scratches can be removed with hair dryer heat and massage.
- Revitalize with Leather Master Oleosa. This can also be used to remove heavier scratches and marks. Apply and allow to air dry once a year.
- Use Leather Master Waxon after Oleosa to renew the wax feel and look.

LEATHER VITAL: specially formulated for the care and revitalization of all types of leather, except suede and nubuck. It replenishes the natural moisture of the leather, promoting suppleness. Older and stiff leather will get back to its natural feel. Leather Vital eliminates the "squeak" associated with pigmented leather on motion furniture.

WAXON: is formulated for the special needs of waxed leather. Wax is applied to the surface to achieve a particular feel or effect. Waxon replenishes the wax as it wears off.

OLEOSA: is formulated for Oil Pull Up Leathers. It contains the same fat liquoring properties used in the tanning process to provide its unique feel and striking effect. Removes surface scratches.

INK LIFTER: Removes ink, lipstick and pen from protected leathers.

CLEANING CLOTH: A safe cleaner for nubuck or suede upholstery, garments, handbags or shoes.

 

Mattress Care

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It's important to care for your new sleep surface so that it lasts for years to come. Here are proper steps to protect your investment. Choose your sleep surface.

Two-Sided Traditional Innerspring

 

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Ensure proper center support is used for queen and king sized bedding
(required for warranty).

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Allow your new bedding to air out. Residual odors from the manufacturing process may be present at first. They are not harmful and will dissipate with time.

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Use a high quality, washable mattress pad to keep your mattress clean and stain-free.

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Expect body impressions to form in the surface padding. They are normal and indicate that the layers are molding to your body's contours.

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Rotate and flip your mattress according to the manufacturer's warranty to minimize body impressions and prolong its comfort and life.

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Take time to adjust to your new mattress - it can take up to one month.

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Do not remove the law label from your mattress. This is needed to identify your appropriate warranty coverage.

 

Single-Sided Innerspring

 

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Ensure proper center support is used for queen and king sized bedding
(required for warranty).

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Allow your new bedding to air out. Residual odors from the manufacturing process may be present at first. They are not harmful and will dissipate with time.

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Use a high quality, washable mattress pad to keep your mattress clean and stain-free.

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Expect body impressions to form in the surface padding. They are normal and indicate that the layers are molding to your body's contours.

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Rotate your new mattress periodically. For optimum performance, this mattress was designed for rest on one side only and cannot be flipped. An occasional rotation will equalize wear and extend the comfort life.

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Take time to adjust to your new mattress - it can take up to one month.

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Do not remove the law label from your mattress. This is needed to identify your appropriate warranty coverage.

 

Tempur-Pedic Foam

 

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Ensure proper center support is used for queen and king sized bedding
(required for warranty).

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Allow your new bedding to air out. Residual odors from the manufacturing process may be present at first. They are not harmful and will dissipate with time.

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Remember that this foam is sensitive to temperature and humidity, and becomes firmer in lower temperatures and humidity levels. If your mattress has been delivered folded at temperatures below 40�F, you must allow time for it to adjust to the surrounding room temperature. Forcing it open could result in damage.

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To experience maximum pressure-relieving effect, do not use mattress pads and covers of any kind or electric blankets - only standard sheets. The Tempur.pedic cover provided is removable and machine washable. Cool water and cool dryer settings are recommended. Never wash the Tempur foam material.

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Take time to adjust to your new mattress -- it can take up to one month.

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Do not remove the law label from your mattress. This is needed to identify your appropriate warranty coverage.

 

Nature's Rest Latex

 

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Ensure proper center support is used for queen and king sized bedding
(required for warranty).

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Allow your new bedding to air out. Residual odors from the manufacturing process may be present at first. They are not harmful and will dissipate with time.

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Use a high quality, washable mattress pad to keep your mattress clean and stain-free.

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When placing your new mattress on its foundation, the trees on the cloth handles should be upright to experience the same comfort level as in the showroom.

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Expect body impressions to form in the surface padding. They are normal and indicate that the layers are molding to your body's contours.

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Rotate your mattress periodically - the underneath side may be used if you desire a slightly firmer feel. Simply flip the mattress over so that the trees on the cloth handlesare upside down.

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Take time to adjust to your new mattress - it can take up to one month.

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Do not remove the law label from your mattress. This is needed to identify your appropriate warranty coverage.

 

Wood Care tips

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For proper care and maintenance of your wood furniture, follow the tips below:

- WOOD BREATHES, EXPANDS AND CONTRACTS. Each piece of furniture responds differently to changes in temperature and humidity in your home. Expansion at the joints and seams will return to its original shape and size as seasons change.

- PROTECTIVE COVERINGS such as felt backed place mats and table pads will help protect the finish on your furniture. This is especially important for wood furniture that is used in kitchen areas.

- POLISH WOOD 2-3 times per year with Furniture Wood Polish. Dust with a soft lint-free cloth.

- TREAT DRAWER GLIDES with Vaseline or candle wax for smooth operation.

- AVOID LEANING CHAIRS back on two legs - to protect structural integrity and your personal safety.

- TABLE LEAVES should always be stored flat. *Opening & closing of dining tables requires two people, when inserting or removing table leaves. This will avoid damaging table legs.

- NEVER MOVE a bed while it is set-up. Always remove bedding and disconnect side rails to avoid structural damage.

- KEEP FURNITURE OUT OF SUNLIGHT to avoid sun damage and bleaching.

- KEEP FURNITURE AWAY FROM HEATING/AIR CONDITIONING SOURCES as they affect the moisture content of the wood.

- DO NOT SET SYNTHETICS, RUBBER OR PLASTICS on the wood finish as the chemicals may damage the finish.

- DO NOT LEAVE NEWSPAPERS and magazines on wood because the inks can bleed onto the finish and into the wood.

- PERIODICALLY ADJUST levelers and door hinges to ensure smooth operation of doors and drawers.

Expectations
- Because each piece of wood is unique, you can expect variations in grain appearance and stain coloration.

- Random distressing applied by hand adds a distinctive heirloom appearance to the finish of some pieces. Ask your Sales Consultant if your furniture has this feature.

- Many wood pieces include levelers and door hinges that must be periodically adjusted to ensure smooth operation of doors and drawers.

- TV and other electronic equipment should be measured to ensure proper fit.

Veneza Wood Care Products
Veneza offers the following products to protect your wood furniture:

Wood Care Kit Includes:
Wood Cleaner: thoroughly cleans away soil and residue on wood and other hard surfaces without the use of hard abrasives.

Wood Polish: provides protection, yet it will not build up. Works great on wood paneling, too.

Wood Touch-Up and Cloth:
Light finishes (oak, ash, etc.)
Medium finishes (maple, pecan, etc.)
Dark finishes (walnut, mahogany, etc.)

 

Marble & Lacquer Care

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For proper care and maintenance of your marble and lacquer furniture, follow the tips below:

Sealed Marble Care (shiny, polyurethane/polyester coated)

 

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Wipe the poly finish with a solution of warm water and mild soap.

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Water or spills will not affect the finish unless it is left uncleaned.

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Do not put a porous pot or planter on the finish for any length of time. It can release moisture, causing the finish to lift and peel.

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Protect and maintain your marble finish with Veneza Lacquer and Sealed Marble Kit.

 

The polish helps to repel fingerprints, to protect against liquid stains, to help prevent premature fading and to fill and hide hairline scratches and to maintain a smooth, glass-like finish.

Unsealed MarbleCare(natural state, uncoated)

 

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Immediately upon receipt of this marble, apply a coat of paste wax to seal and protect the surface. This will fill small holes and repel liquids. Never leave anything wet for any length of time on marble furniture. Keep it well waxed, as you would any fine piece of wood furniture.

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The removal of light rings and slight stains is a simple procedure. If you think it's a surface stain, with a light-handed application try the finest sandpaper (600 grit or finer) available. Then add a small amount of either hydrogen peroxide, diluted bleach, or ammonia to the stain with a soft cloth. Always wash with clear water, wipe with a dry cloth, and re-wax after any cleaning or repair.

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WE DO NOT RECOMMEND the Veneza Lacquer and Sealed Marble Kit for this type of marble. Please use instructions as detailed above.

 

Lacquer Care
- Lacquer (polyester poured finish) can be cleaned with glass cleaner and a soft cloth.

- To protect and maintain your lacquer finish, we recommend our Veneza Lacquer and Sealed Marble Kit. This kit includes a lacquer cleaner and polish. The polish will help to repel fingerprints, protect against liquid stains, help prevent premature fading, fill in and hide hairline scratches, and maintain the smooth, glass-like finish.

Veneza Marble And Lacquer Care Products
Veneza offers the following products to protect your marble and lacquer furniture:

Lacquer and Sealed Marble Kit Includes:
Lacquer Cleaner: spray can be used on all non-porous surfaces such as polyester, marble, glass, tile, fiberglass, metal and plastic.

Lacquer Polish: is a non-wax furniture polish that protects your furniture and helps restore any dulled or damaged finishes. Your can safely apply lacquer polish to any non-porous surface, such as polyester, sealed marble, glass, tile, fiberglass, metal and plastic laminate.

 

Area Rug Care

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With proper maintenance and rug padding, you can maximize your area rug investment. The following tips can be used on all types of rugs, and can keep your rug looking great!

- Frequent vacuuming benefits all rugs, but please do not vacuum rug fringe, or use beater- bar attachments on hooked rugs.

- Turn rugs 180 degrees annually to alternate wear patterns and even out sun exposure.

- Spot clean all spills with soda water, blotting with a white cloth. Quick reaction helps minimize the chances of a stain 'setting.' All stubborn stains should be treated by a professional rug cleaner. .

- High quality rug padding should be used for all rugs and all surfaces, even a rug-on-rug situation.

 

Fabric Care Tips

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Here are tips for keeping your upholstery looking clean and fresh:

- LOOSE CUSHIONS and pillows should be flipped, rotated and fluffed on a weekly basis to keep filling materials evenly distributed and allow for even wear.

- VACUUM all upholstery once a week with a brush attachment only. DOWN CUSHIONS cannot be vacuumed; instead, use a sofa whisk broom or soft brush to clean fabric.

- PILLING is normal for all fabrics when they shed their excess fiber. Using a fabric shaver will remove unwanted pills.

- DIRECT SUNLIGHT, heat and moisture should be kept away from upholstery as fading and discoloration may occur.

- NEVER SIT on the recliner's footrest, the end of an open sleeper, the arms of furniture or an ottoman.

- MOVING? Always lift your upholstered furniture. Never drag or push furniture to a new location. This could damage your floor or furniture.

- STAIN REMOVAL. Before you try to remove a stain or soil from your upholstery, you should determine the type of fabric involved.   According to the type of fabric, you chose among the various options as:-

  • Clean with water-based cleaning agents and foams, as well as with mild, water-free dry cleaning solvents.
  • Use water-based cleaning agents or foams only.
  • Use only mild, water-free dry cleaning solvents.
  • Do not use foam or liquid agents on this fabric. Vacuum or brush lightly to remove soil.

  - PROFESSIONALLY CLEAN your furniture once a year.

  Expectations

- Your cushions may feel firmer than those in our showroom. They will become more comfortable with each use.

- Today's relaxed and casual looks use fabrics that appear wrinkled and lived-in.

- Some manufacturers will ship upholstered furniture with the skirt up. It will fall to its proper place in a short period of time.